Autocharis fessalis (Swinhoe, 1886) -

Taxonomic Information

Autocharis Swinhoe, 1894 species known from India. 
Autocharis fessalis (Swinhoe, 1886)
Autocharis amethystina Swinhoe, [1894]

 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

Autocharis fessalis (Swinhoe, 1886) was described by Swinhoe without a mention of the sex of the type specimen. Autocharis amethystina Swinhoe, [1894] was described by Swinhoe with the type specimen as a male. Hampson, 1896: 415 synonymized amethystina with fessalis depicting the fessalis morphs of Swinhoe, 1886 as females. Hence, according to Hampson, 1896, amethystina is just the female of fessalis. This suggests that this species is sexually dimorphic in wing pattern. However, based on current investigation of both sexes of Autocharis fessalis and Autocharis amethystina shows no sexual dimorphism in wing pattern; hence we believe that the original treatment of treating both these species as valid taxon, holds good, contrary to treatment by Nuss et al 2023 at http://globiz.pyraloidea.org. In the Pyralids of Borneo, too, a mention is made that the two species are probably different, with fessalis being absent in Borneo. Yamanaka (1998) in the Moths of Nepal, Part 5, too treats these two taxa as separate species. See note at http://www.pyralidsofborneo.org/index.php?amethystina. Further investigation by dissections of genitalia of both sexes of both species is needed to conclude this position with certainty (Jahir Rayhan, 10 April 2023). 

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh11
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh1
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi1
Goa
Gujarat1111
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka2
Kerala
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh1
Maharashtra11
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan1
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand13
West Bengal1
Total1164511

Autocharis fessalis (Swinhoe, 1886):  Anogeissus latifolia (Combretaceae), Shorea robusta (Dipterocarpaceae) (Robinson et al. 2010). 

  1. OD: Glyphodes fessalis Swinhoe, 1886. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. p. 459, pl. 41/13. Text at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96836#page/567/mode/1up
  2. Hampson, G. F. 1896. The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Moths, Vol.4. Taylor & Francis, London. Pyralidae 594 p - 287 figs. Pg. 415, # 5184 as Noorda fessalis.
  3. Haruta, T. (Ed.). 1998. Moths of Nepal. Part 5. TINEA. Vol. 15 (Supplement 1). The Japan Heterocerists’ Society, Tokyo.Pl. 141/21. 
  4. https://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/541950-Autocharis-fessalis
  5. https://www.africanmoths.com/pages/CRAMBIDAE/ODONTIINAE/autocharis%20fessalis.htm

Note: All the individuals on this page were incorrectly identified as Pseudonoorda rubricostalis (Hampson, 1910), which is an African species. Corrected on 21 Jan 2022 by SS, based on inputs from Jahir Rayhan.

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Autocharis fessalis (Swinhoe, 1886) – . In Sondhi, S., Y. Sondhi, R.P. Singh, P. Roy and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.71. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.mothsofindia.org/autocharis-fessalis, accessed 2024/02/29.