Ischyja manlia (Cramer, [1776]) -

Taxonomic Information

Ischyja Hübner, [1823] species known from the Indian subcontinent. 

Ischyja marapok Holloway, 2005. Indian subregion, Andaman Is.; Borneo (TL). 

Ischyja hemiphaea (Hampson, 1926) (Potamophora). India, Andaman Is.; Singapore (TL). 

Ischyja manlia Cramer, [1776] (Phalaena (Noctua)). TL: “Coromandel”, Tamil Nadu. Indian subregion; Myanmar. 

Ischyja ferrifracta (Walker, [1863]) (Potamophora). TL: Borneo.

Ischyja inferna Swinhoe, 1902. India; Sri Lanka; Borneo (TL).

Ischyja hagenii (Snellen, 1885). India: Mizoram; Indonesia (TL: Sumatra). 
 

Ischyja Hübner, [1823] males identification summary, drawn up by SS. Many individuals are best separated by genitalia. 

Ischyja inferna: Oblique shape of reniform and shape of loop mark near dorsum.

Ischyja ferrifracta: Pale wedge at forewing apex in both sexes. 

Ischyja hagenii: geometrically marked greyish forewings. Can be confused with extralimital species Ischyja anna. 

Ischyja manlia: pale marginal outer half of forewing; pale stigmata with dark edging (marapok has stigmata with pale egding) ; no purplish tint other than longitudinal streak, which is bordered inwards by a dark longitudinal streak. UNF: blue postmedial fascia which is broader posteriorly. 

Ischyja hemiphaea: Dark basal half; pale marginal half, with dark zig-zag line from apex. Three black dentate marks beyond cell area. Reniform kidney-shaped (with possible black marks in the reniform). 

Ischyja marapok: strong purplish tint to forewing, the stigmata are contained in a black longitudinal zone in the cell, stigmata with pale edging. Reniform kidney shaped. There is a dumbell-shaped black streak more centrally that contains whitish marks antemedially and postmedially indicating the position of the medial loop from the dorsum

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh2
Assam1
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Karnataka11
Kerala1
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra11
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Paschimbanga
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand11
West Bengal1
Total12112112

Ischyja manlia (Cramer, [1776]): Aglaia lawii (Meliaceae), Cupaniopsis anacardioides (Sapindaceae),Dalbergia monetaria, Xylia xylocarpa (Fabaceae), Terminalia paniculata (Combretaceae) (Robinson et al. 2010).

  1. OD: Phalaena (Noctua) manlia Cramer, [1776]. Uitl. Kapellen 1 (8): 144, 153, pl. 92, f. A; TL: Cote de Coromandel. Plate at https://archive.org/details/deuitlandschekap11779cram/page/n388/mode/1up?view=theater
  2. Hampson, G. F. 1894. The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Moths, Vol. 2. Taylor & Francis, London. Arctiidae, Agrostidae, Noctuidae. Pg. 537 #2604
  3. Holloway, J. D. 2005. The Moths of Borneo. Part 15/16. Noctuidae, Catocalini. http://www.mothsofborneo.com/part-15-16/miscellaneous_i/miscellaneousi_3_6.php [accessed 14 January 2016]
  4. Kononenko, V. S. & A. Pinratana. 2005. Moths of Thailand, Volume 3: Noctuidae. An Illustrated Catalogue of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera) in Thailand: Part 1: Herminiinae, Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Catocalinae, Aganainae, Euteliinae, Stictopterinae, Plusiinae, Pantheinae, Acronictinae and Agaristinae, pl 32, 1-2
  5. jpmoth.org. Digital Moths of Asia.  http://www.jpmoth.org/~dmoth/Haruta%20Collection/80_Noctuidae/08_Catocalinae/Ischyja/Ischyja%20manlia/Ischyja%20manlia_CBM-ZI%20114927.jpg [accessed 14 January 2016]
  6. Ratnasingham, S. & Hebert, P. D. N. 2007. BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data System (website). http://www.boldsystems.org/index.php/Taxbrowser_Taxonpage?taxid=64149 [accessed 14 January 2016]

Page citation

Anonymous 2024. Ischyja manlia (Cramer, [1776]) – . In Sondhi, S., Y. Sondhi, R.P. Singh, P. Roy and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.71. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.mothsofindia.org/ischyja-manlia, accessed 2024/03/03.