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Lepidoptera > Noctuoidea > Notodontidae > Phalerinae > Phalera

Phalera parivala Moore, [1860]

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Identification:
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:
Adult moth observations that have been databased:
StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Arunachal Pradesh
Uttarakhand
All states
Similiar species:
List of Phalera Hübner, 1819 known from India.
Phalera (Phalera) birmicola Bryk, 1949. India (Uttarakhand); Myanmar.
Phalera (Phalera) combusta (Walker, 1855). India (Uttarakhand, NE India, Maharashtra); Myanmar; Nepal.
Phalera (Phalera) goniophora Hampson, 1910, India (Punjab, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh); Myanmar; Nepal.
Phalera (Phalera) grotei Moore, 1860. India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andaman Islands); Bangladesh; Bhutan; Myanmar; Nepal.
Phalera (Phalera) javana javana Moore, 1859, India (Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Nagaland, Maharashtra).
Phalera (Phalera) parivala Moore, 1860. India (Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, NE India); Bhutan; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan.
Phalera (Phalera) procera (Felder & Felder, 1874). India (Uttarakhand, Sikkim, NE India, Maharashtra).
Phalera (Phalera) raya Moore, 1860. India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, Nagaland, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu (Nilgiris)); Myanmar; Nepal; Sri Lanka.
Phalera (Phalera) sangana Moore, 1860. India (Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, NE India, Maharashtra); Bhutan; Myanmar; Nepal.
Phalera (Erconholda) torpida torpida Walker, 1865. India (NW India, Sikkim, NE India); Bangladesh; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan.
References:
  1. OD: Phalera parivala Moore, [1860]. Cat. Lep. East India C. 2: 434.TL: Sikkim. 
  2. Hampson, G. F. [1893]. The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Moths, Vol. 1. Taylor & Francis, London. Pp. xxiii + 527. Saturniidae to Hypsidae 527 p - 333 fig. pg. 133, # 217.
  3. Haruta, T. (Ed.). 1992. Moths of Nepal. Part 1. TINEA. Vol. 13 (Supplement 2). The Japan Heterocerists’ Society, Tokyo.Pl. 27/18. 
  4. Smetacek, P. 1999. Notes on species of Phalera moths from the Kumaon Himalaya (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Notodontidae). Bionotes 1(1): 8–10.
  5. Schintlmeister, A., & A. Pinratana. 2007. Moths of Thailand,Volume 5. Notodontidae. Brothers of St. Gabriel in Thailand, Bangkok. 320 pp. + 45 pls. pg. 228, pl. 36/257.
  6. Chandra, K., Kumar, V., Singh, N., Raha, A., Sanyal, A.K.2019. Assemblages of Lepidoptera in Indian Himalaya through long term monitoring plots. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 1-457 pp. Pl. 107/7. 
  7. http://v3.boldsystems.org/index.php/Taxbrowser_Taxonpage?taxid=284291
Notes:  Whitish tornal area and characteristic shape of the moon spot are diagnostic (Schintlmeister & Pinratana, 2007). The shape of the subtornal forewing band is also diagnostic. 

Lepidoptera > Noctuoidea > Notodontidae > Phalerinae > Phalera


Cite this page along with its URL as:
Anonymous. 2022. Phalera parivala Moore, [1860]. In Sondhi, S., Y. Sondhi, P. Roy and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Moths of India, v. 3.30. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. http://www.mothsofindia.org/sp/358374/Phalera-parivala
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