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Lepidoptera > Geometroidea > Geometridae > Ennominae > Boarmiini > Biston

Biston betularia (Linnaeus, 1758) – Peppered Moth

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:
Adult moth observations that have been databased:
Himachal Pradesh
All states
Similiar species:
  1. Hampson, G. 1895. The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Moths, Vol.3. Taylor & Francis, London. Noctuidae (cont.) to Geometridae 546 p - 226 figs. Pg 246, # 3353. which lists species Biston cognataria from North America and NW Himalayas. Biston cognataria is now considered a junior synonym of B. betularia
  2. Han H, Jiang N & Xue D. 2011. A review of Biston Leach, 1815 (Lepidoptera, Geometridae, Ennominae) from China, with description of one new species. ZooKeys 139: 45-96. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.139.1308. Fig 17-18.

Numerous subspecies are listed from the Indian subcontinent

Biston betularia nepalensis Inoue, 1982 from Nepal
Biston betularia cognataria (Guenée, 1857)

The NW Himalaya subspecies is likely to be cognataria, but this needs further investigation through studying its phylogeny. 


Lepidoptera > Geometroidea > Geometridae > Ennominae > Boarmiini > Biston

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Anonymous. 2021. Biston betularia (Linnaeus, 1758) – Peppered Moth. In Sondhi, S., Y. Sondhi, P. Roy and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Moths of India, v. 2.61. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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