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Lepidoptera > Noctuoidea > Erebidae > Erebinae > Erebinae incertae sedis > Ischyja

Ischyja manlia (Cramer, [1776])

Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:
Adult moth observations that have been databased:
Arunachal Pradesh
Tamil Nadu
All states
Similiar species:
Ischyja Hübner, [1823] species known from the Indian subcontinent. 
Ischyja marapok Holloway, 2005. Indian subregion, Andaman Is.; Borneo (TL). 
Ischyja hemiphaea (Hampson, 1926) (Potamophora). India, Andaman Is.; Singapore (TL). 
Ischyja manlia Cramer, [1776] (Phalaena (Noctua)). TL: “Coromandel”, Tamil Nadu. Indian subregion; Myanmar. 
Ischyja ferrifracta (Walker, [1863]) (Potamophora). TL: Borneo.
Ischyja inferna Swinhoe, 1902. India; Sri Lanka; Borneo (TL).
Ischyja hagenii (Snellen, 1885). India: Mizoram; Indonesia (TL: Sumatra). 

Ischyja Hübner, [1823] males identification summary, drawn up by SS. Many individuals are best separated by genitalia. 
Ischyja inferna: Oblique shape of reniform and shape of loop mark near dorsum.
Ischyja ferrifracta: Pale wedge at forewing apex in both sexes. 
Ischyja hagenii: geometrically marked greyish forewings. Can be confused with extralimital species Ischyja anna. 
Ischyja manlia: pale marginal outer half of forewing; pale stigmata with dark edging (marapok has stigmata with pale egding) ; no purplish tint other than longitudinal streak, which is bordered inwards by a dark longitudinal streak. UNF: blue postmedial fascia which is broader posteriorly. 
Ischyja hemiphaea: Dark basal half; pale marginal half, with dark zig-zag line from apex. Three black dentate marks beyond cell area. Reniform kidney-shaped (with possible black marks in the reniform). 
Ischyja marapok: strong purplish tint to forewing, the stigmata are contained in a black longitudinal zone in the cell, stigmata with pale edging. Reniform kidney shaped. There is a dumbell-shaped black streak more centrally that contains whitish marks antemedially and postmedially indicating the position of the medial loop from the dorsum.
  1. OD: Phalaena (Noctua) manlia Cramer, [1776]. Uitl. Kapellen 1 (8): 144, 153, pl. 92, f. A; TL: Cote de Coromandel. Plate at
  2. Hampson, G. F. 1894. The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Moths, Vol. 2. Taylor & Francis, London. Arctiidae, Agrostidae, Noctuidae. Pg. 537 #2604
  3. Holloway, J. D. 2005. The Moths of Borneo. Part 15/16. Noctuidae, Catocalini. [accessed 14 January 2016]
  4. Kononenko, V. S. & A. Pinratana. 2005. Moths of Thailand, Volume 3: Noctuidae. An Illustrated Catalogue of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera) in Thailand: Part 1: Herminiinae, Rivulinae, Hypeninae, Catocalinae, Aganainae, Euteliinae, Stictopterinae, Plusiinae, Pantheinae, Acronictinae and Agaristinae, pl 32, 1-2
  5. Digital Moths of Asia. [accessed 14 January 2016]
  6. Ratnasingham, S. & Hebert, P. D. N. 2007. BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data System (website). [accessed 14 January 2016]

Lepidoptera > Noctuoidea > Erebidae > Erebinae > Erebinae incertae sedis > Ischyja

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Anonymous. 2022. Ischyja manlia (Cramer, [1776]). In Sondhi, S., Y. Sondhi, P. Roy and K. Kunte (Chief Editors). Moths of India, v. 3.30. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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